Taking its cue from John Berger’s 1972 groundbreaking text on visual culture, Ways of Seeing is an international group exhibition that explores the various formalistic strategies that artists employ to re-configure our perception of the world. It brings together more than 30 artists and artist collectives with 70 works ranging from 1000 BC to the present and spanning a variety of media from painting, sculpture and photography to sound, film and installation. It includes a number of seminal works such as an early 1968 projection piece by James Turrell, one of the vertical construction installations of Fred Sandback, video pioneers Paul and Marlene Kos’s 1976 “lightning” video, and two of Gustav Metzger’s “Historic Photographs” along with a number of his early 1940s drawings.
Ways of Seeing invites the viewer to investigate the manifold ways by which artists accord forms and concepts that are otherwise familiar with renewed appearances and meanings. Each of the artworks on display beckons us to take a second look, upon which the contours of a new reality begin to emerge. The viewer’s desire to understand an artwork can never be fully divorced from the politics that underpin the traditions in which it was created, and the mechanisms that are used for its display. Ways of Seeing unfolds along a non-linear temporal thread that challenges the rigidity of periods, genres, and so-called “isms.” Several of the artworks provide a critique of the art-historical references that appear within them, highlighting the politicized contexts in which they are often encountered; a sub-theme that this exhibition examines.
Ways of Seeing facilitates a return towards a vision of the artist as a maker of things, a skilled technician, who through their understanding and handling of the physical properties of things can alter our way of seeing. Artists relentlessly remind us that the connection between what we see and what we think we know is never that simple, and that seeing is, at its core, a political act.
Artists: Ghada Amer, Chris Bond, Frédéric Borgella, Thierry Bosquet, Ulisse Cantagalli, James Casebere, David Claerbout, Jojakim Cortis & Adrian Sonderegger, Hayri Çizel, Salvador Dali, Hans-Peter Feldmann, Andreas Gursky, Mona Hatoum, Jeppe Hein, Paul et Marlene Kos, Alicja Kwade, Gustav Metzger, Herman Moll, Shana Moulton, Vik Muniz, Grayson Perry, Walid Raad, Édouard Frédéric Wilhelm Richter, Fred Sandback, Hassan Sharif, Cindy Sherman, Markus Schinwald, Kim Tschang-Yeul, James Turrell, Kara Walker, James Webb, Frederik de Wit and a number of anonymous artists.
Görme Biçimleri / Ways of Seeing
Edited by Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath, and Süreyya Evren, with contributions by Mary Acton, Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath, and Stephanie Moser
ARTER Publications, 2017, 150 pages, ISBN: 978-6059606066
Ways of Seeing
Edited by Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath with contributions by Mary Acton, Sam Bardaouil and Till Fellrath, and Stephanie Moser
Boghossian Foundation Publications, 2017, 170 pages, ISBN: 978-2960191462
All images courtesy of ARTER – Space for Art/Murat Germen
All images courtesy of Villa Empain, Brussels